District Weather

District Climate

Gadchiroli District experiences extreme variations in temperature with very hot Summers and very cold Winters and an average relative humidity of 62 percent. The maximum recorded temperature till date was 46.3 Celsius on 20th May 1992 and minimum temperature of 5 Celsius was on 5th January 1992.

 

Gadchiroli District Rainfall

Majorly rainfall occurs in Gadchiroli district in the month of June, July, August and September due to South-West monsoon winds flows along the district. Heavy rainfall occurs in district in the month of July August of every year oftenly and rivers flow with flooded situations.

Following table shows year wise rainfall occurred in the tahsils of district for last 12 years.
Average rainfall ocurred in last 12 yeras (in mm)

Sr.No. Taluka Name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
1 Gadchiroli 1200.2 1490.6 1421.0 1619.0 1150.6 846.2 1739.0 1266.0 1627.0 2005.6 1130.10 900.60
2 Dhanora 1315.0 1682.8 1564.9 1874.9 1272.8 1124.5 1769.5 1214.2 1568.1 2333.6 1266.10 848.40
3 Chamorshi 768.5 1039.0 1054.0 807.0 785.0 542.4 1682.0 988.2 1653.2 2165.0 1244.00 1396.50
4 Mulchera 1316.0 1518.6 1368.0 1377.2 1422.0 947.8 1805.6 1135.8 1560.5 2008.6 1385.10 1204.40
5 Wadsa 911.0 1513.8 1494.8 2298.8 1142.2 867.2 1759.0 1132.6 1622.6 2173.6 900.10 885.00
6 Armori 733.4 1349.8 1598.4 1551.4 955.4 856.4 1675.5 1237.9 1582.9 2206.4 1130.00 785.00
7 Kurkheda 1116.2 2228.6 1694.0 3070.5 1187.2 1235.7 1655.0 1633.3 1932.0 1863.2 1078.40 1244.30
8 Korchi 1713.2 2920.7 1554.0 1623.0 748.2 650.8 1257.5 1579.4 1655.0 1938.5 1306.80 1025.10
9 Aheri 854.0 1326.0 1258.4 1542.7 1409.1 775.3 2044.9 940.0 1805.8 2261.2 1265.00 1275.90
10 Sironcha 546.9 1225.2 1701.6 1141.2 1299.8 757.8 1482.6 777.0 1374.6 1774.0 839.00 1082.60
11 Etapalli 1102.4 1592.3 1481.4 1427.8 1297.9 1072.8 1868.9 1010.9 1644.9 2042.5 1080.30 1167.90
12 Bhamragad 1179.9 2037.0 1151.6 2118.4 1475.4 1042.1 2183.0 1384.0 2332.2 2704.2 1597.60 1774.80
Total 12756.7 19924.4 17342.1 20451.9 14150.6 10715.0 20922.6 14299.3 20277.8 25476.4 14222.50 13590.50
Average Rainfall 1063.06 1660.3 1445.1 1704.3 1179.2 892.9 1743.5 1191.6 1689.8 2123.03 1185.21 1132.54

Gadchiroli District – Physical Features of Land

Geographically Vainganga Khore is one of the particular area in this district. Gadchiroli, Armori, Chamorshi, Aheri and Sironcha talukas are covered under this area.

The major area of the district is having undulating topography on large scale. Except a narrow strip along Godavari and Pranhita rivers.

Main physio-graphic features of the district are the Sirkonda, Bhamragad, Aheri and Dandkaranya hill ranges with high to moderate relief.

The low land of the district shows rolling topography with isolated hillrocks.

The main river basin of the district is Godavari which borders the southern boundary of the district and flows West to East. The major sub-basins of the Godavari are Pranhita sub-basins which is given name after the confluence of two major sub-basins ie Wainganga and Wardha River near Chaprala village of Chamorshi Taluka; and Indravati sub-basin. The Sub-tributaries of these two sub-basins show a network of parallel drainage pattern.

The eastern part of district ie Dhanora, Etapalli, Aheri and Sironcha talukas are some what higher part of district and are covered by thick forest. Hills are located in the area of Bhamaragad, Tipagad, Palasgad and Surjagad in the district.

The predominant soil cover in the district is clay, clay-gravel, sandy loam, deep black soil, reddish & yellowish brown soils on hill slopes, brown & gray soils of plains and laterite & lateritic soil.

GEOLOGY AND GEOMORPHOLOGY

The Wainganga and Godawari have developed extensive alluvial deposits along their courses. The older alluvial plain is a flat surface of large aerial extent gently sloping towards these rivers and representing an earlier cycle of deposition. The unconsolidated material in this unit consists of sand silt and kankar with thickness as high as 30 m. The younger alluvial unit represents a later cycle of deposition.

Agriculture Cropping Pattern in Gadchiroli District

The main agriculture crops in the district along with the cropping period and market area is given as follows;

Type of Crops Name of Crops Cropping Period Market
Major Crops (Irrigated)

KHARIF

RABBI

 

Paddy

Wheat
Gram

 

June to Nove.

Sept. to Febr
Sept. to Janu.

 

Gadchiroli, State

Gadchiroli
Gadchiroli

Major Crops (Non-Irrigated)

KHARIF

 

 

RABBI

 

Tur
Mung
Pulses
Soyabean
Sesamum
Cotton

Wheat
Gram

 

June to Nove.
June to Janu.
June to Octo.
June to Octo.
June to Octo.
June to Janu.

Sept. to Febr.
Sept. to Janu.

 

Gadchiroli
Gadchiroli
Gadchiroli
Gadchiroli, State
Gadchiroli
Gadchiroli, State

Gadchiroli Gadchiroli

Major Cash Crops

KHARIF & RABBI

 

Soyabean
Cotton
Groundnut
Sesamum
Chilli

 

June to Octo.
June to Janu.
June to Octo.
Sept.to Nove.
Sept to March

 

State
State
Gadchiroli
Gadchiroli
Taluka APMC, District

The statistical details regarding land under forests, cultivation , Non-agriculture use and fallow lands are indicated as follows(for Year 1999-2000);

Land Use Pattern Value
Total Area of District 1491554 Hectares
Area Under Forests 1133009 Hectares
Land Not Available for Cultivation 63895 Hectares
Land Used for Cultivation 289506 Hectares
Land Under Non-agriculture Use 17752 Hectares
Fallow Land/ Waste Land 18724 Hectares
Other Fallow Land (Ref. Yr. 1998-99) 63136 Hectares
Net Area Under Irrigation 63136 Hectares
Total Area Under Irrigation 63136 Hectares
Area Under Food-Grain Crops 193351 Hectares

The classification of Land Holders are given in the following table.

Type of Land Holders Value
Number of Cultivators Holding Land < 2 Hect. 69613
Number of Cultivators Holding Land >= 2 And <=10 Hect. 37700
Number of Cultivators Holding Land > 10 Hect. 1600
Total Land Holders 108913

(Source – DSO Report-1999-2000 )